Democrats [Jacksonians]

The early-nineteenth-century political party of Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, and Andrew Jackson, who believed in voting equality and the rights of the common man. Andrew Jackson served as president of the United States from 1829-37, the period during which Cole created The Course of Empire (1834-36). Cole's third painting in the series, Consummation, can be read as a critique of Jackson and his party.